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We write the test case with JUnit 4 annotation, please refer to JUnit 4 tutorial.

The following test case will mimic a user clicking the button and verify whether the label's value is "Hello Mimic" or not.

HelloTest.java"


//remove import for brevity
public class HelloTest {
	@BeforeClass
	public static void init() {
		Zats.init("./src/main/webapp"); 
	}

	@AfterClass
	public static void end() {
		Zats.end();
	}

	@After
	public void after() {
		Zats.cleanup();
	}

	@Test
	public void test() {
		DesktopAgent desktop = Zats.newClient().connect("/hello.zul");

		ComponentAgent button = desktop.query("button");
		ComponentAgent label = desktop.query("label");
		
		//button.as(ClickAgent.class).click();
		button.click();
		Assert.assertEquals("Hello Mimic", label.as(Label.class).getValue());
	}
}
  • Before starting a test, we have to call Zats.init() and pass root directory where ZUL pages are stored as a parameter. Most of the times, it is located in your web application's content root folder. In our example, we use maven default project structure. This method initializes testing environment and starts the server emulator. (line 5)
  • Of course, we start the server emulator at @BeforeClass , we should stop it by Zats.end() at @AfterClass . (line 10)
  • We should call Zats.cleanup() to clear desktop before opening another ZUL. (line 15)
  • The first statement of a test case is to create a client and connect it to a ZUL page, like a browser visiting a ZUL. The connect() returns a DesktopAgent and we usually retrieve ComponentAgent from it to perform user operation. (line 20)
  • Before we can mimic a user action to a component, we should retrieve a ComponentAgent. Empowered by selector syntax, DesktopAgent .query() is a powerful tool to retrieve it. As the ZUL contains only one button, we can query it by component name: query("button") (line 22)
  • As we do not have a browser screen to view, we cannot interact with a component by mouse's pointer. To mimic a user action, we have to convert ComponentAgent to one of the operation agents. The conversion method as() will check for available operation for the target ComponentAgent . For example, you cannot type something in a Label, If you try to convert it to an unsupported operation agent, you will get an exception. (line 25)
  • For convenience, ComponentAgent provides shortcut methods for commonly used operations like click()  ; it automatically gets operation agent and calls it for you. (line 26)
  • To verify test result, we can also use ComponentAgent.as() to convert it to a ZK component then get its property by getter methods. (line 27)








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