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Purpose

Access Spring managed bean within ZK framework

DelegatingVariableResolver

You can access any spring managed beans by its id within ZK, for example, on the ZUML page by declaring variable-resolver for DelegatingVariableResolver at the top of your ZUML page.

Lets define a simple bean first

package org.zkoss.zkspringessentials.beans;

public class SimpleBean {

        private String message;
        
        public SimpleBean() {
        }
        public SimpleBean(String msg) {
                this.message = msg;
        }
        public String getMessage() {
                return message;
        }
        public void setMessage(String message) {
                this.message = message;
        }
}

Since Spring 3.0 you have different ways of declaring your beans. The first and the most traditional way is to declare this bean in your applicationContext.xml Spring configuration file as below

<bean id="simpleBean" class="org.zkoss.zkspringessentials.beans.SimpleBean">
        <constructor-arg value="Hello from a simple bean"></constructor-arg>
</bean>

or you can let Spring scans your beans (normally used for auto-wiring dependencies) automatically by providing a base package. The declaration of the Spring context component scan element is shown below:

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
               xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
               xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
               xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
                           http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
                           http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
                           http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">
         <context:component-scan  base-package="org.zkoss.zkspringessentials.beans">
          </context:component-scan>
</beans>

Now using the DelegatingVariableResolver you can acess this bean in ZSCRIPT, EL expressions and ZK data binding annotations

Access Spring beans in ZSCRIPT

You can access SimpleBean by its bean id in ZSCRIPT as shown below

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?variable-resolver class="org.zkoss.zkplus.spring.DelegatingVariableResolver"?>
<zk>
<zscript>
        String msg = simpleBean.message;
</zscript>
<window title="Bean in ZScript" width="640px" border="normal" >
    <vbox>
        <hbox>
            <label value="${msg}"></label>
        </hbox>
    </vbox> 
</window>
</zk>

Access Spring beans in EL expressions

Similarly you can also access Spring managed beans in any EL expressions as shown below

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?variable-resolver class="org.zkoss.zkplus.spring.DelegatingVariableResolver"?>
<zk>
<window title="Bean in EL Expression" width="640px" border="normal" >
    <vbox>
        <hbox>
            <label value="${simpleBean.message}"></label>
        </hbox>
    </vbox> 
</window>
</zk>

Access Spring beans in ZK Databinding annotations

Coupling ZK AnnotateDataBinderInit with DelegatingVariableResolver Spring beans can also be used in ZK Databinding expressions as shown below. Let's first define a Person bean class with two fields for holding first name and last name String variables with corresponding setters/getters

public class Person {
        private String _firstName = "";
        private String _lastName = "";

        // getter and setters
        public void setFirstName(String firstName) {
                _firstName = firstName;
        }

        public String getFirstName() {
                return _firstName;
        }

        public void setLastName(String lastName) {
                _lastName = lastName;
        }

        public String getLastName() {
                return _lastName;
        }

        public void setFullName(String f) {
                // do nothing.
        }

        public String getFullName() {
                return _firstName + " " + _lastName;
        }
}

and declare this bean in the applicationContext.xml Spring configuration file as shown below

<bean id="person" class="org.zkoss.zkspringessentials.beans.Person">
        <property name="firstName" value="John"></property>
        <property name="lastName" value="Woo"></property>
</bean>

Now we can populate ZK grid component using ZK databinding mechanism that binds the Person bean first name and last name properies with corresponding textboxes.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?init class="org.zkoss.zkplus.databind.AnnotateDataBinderInit" ?>
<?variable-resolver class="org.zkoss.zkplus.spring.DelegatingVariableResolver"?>
<zk>
<window title="Bean in ZK databinding annotations" width="640px" border="normal" >
    <grid width="400px">
        <rows>
            <row> First Name: <textbox value="@{person.firstName}"/></row>
            <row> Last Name: <textbox value="@{person.lastName}"/></row>
            <row> Full Name: <label value="@{person.fullName}"/></row>
        </rows>
    </grid>
</window>
</zk>

SpringUtil

You can also access Spring beans on a ZUML page without DelegatingVariableResolver by using a utility class SpringUtil method SpringUtil.getBean(). Here is an example code to demonstrate this

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<zk>
<zscript>
        import org.zkoss.zkplus.spring.SpringUtil;
        import org.zkoss.zkspringessentials.beans.*;
        SimpleBean simple = SpringUtil.getBean("simpleBean");
        String msg = simple.getMessage();
</zscript>
<window title="Example for SpringUtil#getBean" width="640px" border="normal" >
    <vbox>
        <hbox>
            <label value="${msg}"></label>
        </hbox>
    </vbox> 
</window>
</zk>

Version History

Last Update : 2012/12/27


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Copyright © Potix Corporation. This article is licensed under GNU Free Documentation License.