Customizing Chart Style

From Documentation
Customizing Chart Style


Switching in Between Themes

ZK Charts provides many predefined color themes for you to use.


Here's a list of the themes in which you can choose from:

  • Default Theme
1     chart.setTheme(Theme.DEFAULT);

DefaultTheme.png

  • Grid Theme
1     chart.setTheme(Theme.GRID);

GridTheme.png

  • Skies Theme
1     chart.setTheme(Theme.SKIES);

SkiesTheme.png


  • Gray Theme
1     chart.setTheme(Theme.GRAY);

GrayTheme.png

  • Dark Blue Theme
1     chart.setTheme(Theme.DARK_BLUE);

DarkBlueTheme.png

  • Dark Green Theme
1     chart.setTheme(Theme.DARK_GREEN);

DarkGreenTheme.png

Customizing Colors

ZK Charts uses Color class to apply the color to the color-changing method in the option, such as setBackgroundColor() or setFillColor(). Color supports solid color and gradient color.

ZK Charts use the Color class to represent web color including solid or gradient. It can be applied to the configuration so that we can obtain a customized style.

Solid Color

Solid color can be specified as an RGB triplet, in hexadecimal format or any valid color format in browsers:

  • RGB triplet - rgb(186,86,150)
  • Hexadecimal format - #58BA7A

Gradient Color

Gradient is a smooth color transition from one color to another. In ZK Charts, gradient is defined by LinearGradient or RadialGradient, they have similar attributes to SVG[1].

Linear Gradient

Linear gradient contains attributes x1, y2, x2 and y2 to define the start and end position of the gradient. It can be assigned like below:

    // Create a linear gradient which x1=0, y1=0, x2 = 0, y2=1 with percentages represent values
    LinearGradient linearGradient2 = new LinearGradient(0, 0, 0, 1);

    // Create a linear gradient which x1=0, y1=0, x2 = 0, y2=300 with coordinate
    LinearGradient linearGradient2 = new LinearGradient(0, 0, 0, 300);

The stop attributes can be assigned as below:

   // Same as lineraGradient.addStop(0, "#EEEEEE"); lineraGradient.addStop(1, "#CCCCCC");
    lineraGradient.setsStop("#EEEEEE", "#CCCCCC");

For example, we can apply the linear gradient color to the series as below:

<div apply="ColorfulColumnChartComposer">
	<charts id="chart" type="column" width="480" 
		height="300" title="Colorful Column Chart"/>
</div>
public class ColorfulColumnChartComposer extends SelectorComposer<Div> {
	@Wire
	Charts chart;

	public void doAfterCompose(Div comp) throws Exception {
		super.doAfterCompose(comp);
		
		CategoryModel model = new DefaultCategoryModel();
		model.setValue("1900", "Q1", new Integer(20));
		model.setValue("1900", "Q2", new Integer(55));
		model.setValue("1900", "Q3", new Integer(40));
		model.setValue("1900", "Q4", new Integer(75));

		chart.setModel(model);
		
		// remove grid line
		chart.getYAxis().setGridLineWidth(0);
		// remove y axis title
		chart.getYAxis().setTitle("");
		
		useGradientColor();	
	}
	
	private void useGradientColor() {
                // Create a linear gradient which x1=0.5, y1=0, x2 = 0.5, y2=1 with percentages represent values
		LinearGradient gradient = new LinearGradient(0.5, 0, 0.5, 1);
		gradient.addStop(0, "#F39C12");
		gradient.addStop(0.4, "#F1C40F");
		gradient.addStop(1, "#8E44AD");
		chart.getSeries().setColor(new Color(gradient));
	}
}

ColorfulColumnChartDemo.png

Radial Gradient

Radial gradient is similar to linear gradient, but it specifies the attributes to define the outermost circle instead of line position:

  // cx=0.4, cy=0.3, cr=0.6
  RadialGradient radialGradient = new RadialGradient(0.4, 0.3, 0.6);
  radialGradient.setStops("#EEEEEE", "#CCCCCC");

For example, here is pacman chart with radial gradient fill:

<div apply="demo.PacmanChartComposer">
	<charts id="chart" type="pie" width="480" 
		height="300" title="Pacman Chart"/>
</div>
public class PacmanChartComposer extends SelectorComposer<Div> {
	@Wire
	Charts chart;
	
	public void doAfterCompose(Div comp) throws Exception {
		super.doAfterCompose(comp);
		
		PiePlotOptions plotOptions = chart.getPlotOptions().getPie();
		plotOptions.setStartAngle(70);
		plotOptions.getDataLabels().setEnabled(false);
		
		Series series = chart.getSeries();
		Point ghost = new Point("Ghost", 40);
		ghost.setColor("#FFFFFF");
		series.addPoint(ghost);
		Point pacman = new Point("Pacman", 320);
		pacman.setColor(getPacmanColor());
		series.addPoint(pacman);
	}
	
	private Color getPacmanColor() {
		// cx=0.4, cy=0.3, cr=0.9
		RadialGradient radialGradient = new RadialGradient(0.4, 0.3, 0.9);
		radialGradient.addStop(0, "#F1C40F");
		radialGradient.addStop(1, "#F39C12");
		return new Color(radialGradient);
	}
}

PacmanChartDemo.png

Customize Axis Label with HTML

Sometimes you want special axis label e.g. a hyperlink on an axis label, you can enable this feature by chart.getXAxis().getLabels().setUseHTML(true). Please refer to the example code below for details:

public class HtmlLabelComposer extends SelectorComposer<Component> {

    @Wire
    Charts chart;
    
    private static CategoryModel model;
    
    public void doAfterCompose(Component comp) throws Exception {
        super.doAfterCompose(comp);
        
        model = new DefaultCategoryModel();
	model.setValue("John", "<a title='great!!' href='http://www.zkoss.org' class='hastip'>Apples</a>", new Integer(5));
	...
        
        // enable html usage 
        chart.getXAxis().getLabels().setUseHTML(true);
    }
}

Then, the axis label will become a hyperlink. (see the image below)

Zkcharts-essentials-htmlLabel.png

Change Decimal Point or Thousands Separator

public class DrilldownOnDemandComposer implements Composer<Charts> {
...
        Lang lang = new Lang();
        lang.setDecimalPoint(",");
        lang.setThousandsSep(".");
        Options options = new Options();
        options.setLang(lang);
        chart.setOptions(options);


Data Label

Show x / y values in a custom format, e.g. 2000 -> 2K.

org.zkoss.zkcharts.essentials.customizing.HtmlLabelComposer

    private void setDatalabelFormatter() {
        JavaScriptValue js = new JavaScriptValue("function(){if ( this.y > 1000 ) return Highcharts.numberFormat( this.y/1000, 1) + \"K\"; \n" +
                "else \n" +
                "          return this.y;}");
        chart.getSeries().getDataLabels().setEnabled(true);
        chart.getSeries().getDataLabels().setFormatter(js);
    }

References

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Copyright © Potix Corporation. This article is licensed under GNU Free Documentation License.