As Simple as a Java Static Method

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Available in ZK Spreadsheet EE only

ZK Spreadsheet allows developers to write their own custom formula functions. One way of implementing them is as a Java static method & declaring using xel-directive and another one is to implement it as EL function and register it in a TLD. Here we describe the first method.


Implement a custom formula function as a Java static method.

Implement formula function

Define your custom formula function as a normal Java static method. For example here is a static method to convert USD to TWD.

public class CurrencyFns {

	public static double toTWD(double usdNum, double twdRate) {
		return usdNum * twdRate;


To be able to use above defined toTWD static method as a custom ZK Spreadsheet formula fuction declare it in your ZUL page using the xel-method directive along with ZK Spreadsheet component as shown below

<?page title="ZSS" contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8"?>
<?xel-method prefix="zss" name="toTWD"
    signature="double toTWD(double,double)"?>
	<window title="ZSS User Defined Functions as Java static method" border="normal"
		width="100%" height="100%">
		<spreadsheet width="800px" height="800px"
			src="/WEB-INF/excel/functions/customfunctions.xlsx" maxrows="20" maxcolumns="10">

Note that xel-method prefix attribute value must be set to "zss" for ZK Spreadsheet to invoke custom implementation for such custom formula function.

Using custom formula function in ZK Spreadsheet

Once defined and declared above custom formula function can be used just like any other built-in functions of Excel. Note that when entered in MS Excel it will result in #NAME? being displayed but when entered in ZK Spreadsheet it will we evaluated by invoking custom implementation declared through xel-method directive.


View complete source of ZUML javafunction.zul

View complete source of function implementation class

Version History

Last Update : 2022/01/19

Version Date Content

All source code listed in this book is at Github.

Copyright © Potix Corporation. This article is licensed under GNU Free Documentation License.