Embedded ZK Application

From Documentation

Embedded ZK Application


Instead of using an iframe, ZK provides JavaScript API for a non-Java EE web container. Hence, you can embed a ZK application in a web application based on NodeJs, Python, etc.

  • Available for ZK:
  • http://www.zkoss.org/product/zkhttp://www.zkoss.org/whyzk/zkeeVersion ee.png

Since 9.0.1


Settings in the ZK application

We use library property to enable the embedded feature. For example: (In zk.xml)


Demo Example

In the Demo project, there are 2 web applications, one is a non-ZK web application (http://localhost:8080), and another one is a ZK application (http://zkembedded-app).

We'll embed ZK into the non-ZK web application.


 1 <!DOCTYPE html>
 2 <html>
 3 	<head>
 4 		<meta charset="UTF-8">
 5 		<title>Title</title>
 6 	</head>
 7 	<body>
 8 		<div id="embeddedZK" style="height:80%">  
 9 			 Loading...
10 		</div>
11 		<script id="embeddedScript" src="http://zkembedded-app/zkau/web/js/zkmax/embedded/embedded.js" />
12 		<script>
13 			zEmbedded.load('embeddedZK', 'http://zkembedded-app/demo.zul');
14 		</script>
15 	</body>
16 </html>
  • line 11: load the zk embedded JS API script
  • line 13: load demo.zul (of the ZK application) into the DOM Element with id embeddedZK.

To see more information, please download the Demo project.

API in embedded.js

We provide two methods to embed ZK.

zEmbedded.load(domId, ZKSrc)

The "domId" means after loading resource from "ZKSrc", the content of "domId" (HTML DOM Element) would be replaced with the ZK content.

This function returns a Promise object, which means that we can call functions after ZK is ready.

1 zEmbedded.load('embeddedZK', 'http://zkembedded-app/demo.zul')
2   .then(function(result) {
3     zk.log('ZK is ready!' + result.widget.uuid); //result contains the first widget
4   }).catch(reason => {
5     alert('ZK mounting error: ' + reason);
6 });

The "then" method of the promise is invoked when the embedding has completed, and the embedded page has been loaded.

The "catch" method of the promise is invoked when the embedding process encounters a failure. The reason object contains the error message associated with the failure.

zEmbedded.load(domId, ZKSrc, ZKHost)

Since 9.6.0

To handle the URL redirection, we can specify the ZK Host URL.

1 <script id="embeddedScript" src="/embedded/embedded.js"></script>
2 <script>
3 	zEmbedded.load('embeddedZK', '/embedded/demo.zul', '/embedded');
4 </script>

Notice that the URL redirection should rewrite the locations:

1 /embedded/embedded.js -> http://zkembedded-app/zkau/web/js/zkmax/embedded/embedded.js
1 /embedded -> http://zkembedded-app/embedded

zEmbedded.destroy(domId, skipError)

This will destroy the embedded ZK desktop at server side and clear the DOM Element. Use "skipError = true" to ignore error messages.

Control ZK Components when using embedded ZK

After loading the ZK contents, we could use the ZK Client command binding to control the ZK components on a page.

To see more information, please refer to ZK MVVM Book - Client command binding.

Cross-Origin Resource Sharing

In Cross Origin scenarios the responses from the ZK application need to set at least the following CORS headers:

1 Access-Control-Allow-Origin: [allowed embedding origins]
2 Access-Control-Allow-Headers: zk-sid
3 Access-Control-Expose-Headers: zk-sid, zk-error
4 Access-Control-Allow-Credentials: true
5 Access-Control-Allow-Methods: GET, POST

This can be done by configuring your server (e.g. nginx, apache-httpd, tomcat, spring-boot...) appropriately and is not ZK-specific. Please refer to the related documentation (e.g. MDN: Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS)) and your specific server configuration guides.

Limitations: Cannot Embed Pages from Different ZK Versions

Since ZK loads JavaScript and CSS in the global namespace, so multiple versions of these assets will conflict with each other. Hence, you cannot embed a page1.zul from ZK 8 application and a page2.zul from ZK 9 application into one page.

Version History

Version Date Content

Last Update : 2023/04/25

Copyright © Potix Corporation. This article is licensed under GNU Free Documentation License.