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Fileupload

Employment/Purpose

There are two ways to use Fileupload as a component to upload files, or invoke Fileupload.get() to open a dialog to upload files.

Use as a Component

Fileupload itself is a component. You can use it directly as follows.

<fileupload label="Upload">
   <attribute name="onUpload">
   org.zkoss.util.media.Media media = event.getMedia();
   //then, you can process media here
   </attribute>
</fileupload>

Fileupload is actually a button with upload=true. In other words, the above is equivalent to

<button label="Upload" upload="true">
...

Please refer to Button: Upload for details.

Invoke the Static Method: get

Fileupload provides a set of static methods to simplify file uploading, such as Fileupload.get(), Fileupload.get(String, String), and so on.

The behavior is a little bit different depending on if the event thread is enabled (default: it is disabled[1]).


  1. Prior to 5.0, it is default to enabled. Refer to ZK Configuration Reference: disable-event-thread.

Creating a custom template for the Static Method: get

When using the static method Fileupload.get(...) to display a generic upload popup, the popup content is defined by a ZUL file, so you could customize it by replacing it with your own implementation. It can be done easily by invoking Fileupload.setTemplate(String). Notice that it affects all Fileupload popups subsequently created in an application. It is typically called when the application starts (i.e., in WebAppInit.init(WebApp) -- for more information, please refer to ZK Developer's Reference: Init and Cleanup).

To implement a custom template, please take a look at the default template.

Event Thread Disabled

When the event thread is disabled (default), the execution won't be suspended when Fileupload.get() is called. In other words, the returned value is always null. To retrieve the uploaded files, the developer has to listen the onUpload event, which is sent when the uploading is completed.

By default, the onUpload event is sent to all root components. For example, Div will, in the following example, receive the onUpload event since it is the root component:

<div onUpload="processMedia(event.getMedias());">
    <zscript deferred="true"><![CDATA[
    import org.zkoss.util.media.Media;
 
    public void processMedia(Media[] media) {
        if (media != null) {
            for (int i = 0; i < media.length; i++) {
                if (media[i] instanceof org.zkoss.image.Image) {
                    image.setContent(media[i]);
                } else {
                    Messagebox.show("Not an image: " + media[i], "Error",
                            Messagebox.OK, Messagebox.ERROR);
                    break; //not to show too many errors
                }
            }
        }
    }
]]></zscript>
    <vbox>
        <button label="Upload" onClick="Fileupload.get(-1);" />
        <image id="image" />
    </vbox>
</div>


Specify the Callback Event Listener

[Since 6.5.3]

If you prefer the event being sent to the callback event listener, specify the event listener when invoke Fileupload.get().

Note: the target of the upload event is always null.

For example:

<zk>
    <vbox>
       <button label="Upload">
            <attribute name="onClick">
                Fileupload.get(new EventListener(){
                    public void onEvent(UploadEvent event) {
                        org.zkoss.util.media.Media media = event.getMedia();
                        if (media instanceof org.zkoss.image.Image) {
                            org.zkoss.image.Image img = (org.zkoss.image.Image) media;
                            if (img.getWidth() > img.getHeight()){
                                if (img.getHeight() > 300) {
                                    pics.setHeight("300px");
                                    pics.setWidth(img.getWidth() * 300 / img.getHeight() + "px");
                                }
                            }
                            if (img.getHeight() > img.getWidth()){
                                if (img.getWidth() > 400) {
                                    pics.setWidth("400px");
                                    pics.setHeight(img.getHeight() * 400 / img.getWidth() + "px");
                                }
                            }
                            image.setContent(img);
                        } else {
                            Messagebox.show("Not an image: "+media, "Error", Messagebox.OK, Messagebox.ERROR);
                        }
                    }
                })
            </attribute>
        </button>
        <image id="image" />
    </vbox>
</zk>

Specify the Target Component

[Since 5.0.2]

If you prefer the event being sent to a particular component, specify the component in the desktop's attribute called org.zkoss.zul.Fileupload.target.

For example, we could have the button to receive the onUpload event as follows:

<zk>
    <zscript deferred="true"><![CDATA[
    import org.zkoss.util.media.Media;

    Executions.getCurrent().getDesktop().setAttribute(
            "org.zkoss.zul.Fileupload.target", uploadBtn);

    public void processMedia(Media[] media) {
        if (media != null) {
            for (int i = 0; i < media.length; i++) {
                if (media[i] instanceof org.zkoss.image.Image) {
                    image.setContent(media[i]);
                } else {
                    Messagebox.show("Not an image: " + media[i], "Error",
                            Messagebox.OK, Messagebox.ERROR);
                    break; //not to show too many errors
                }
            }
        }
    }
]]></zscript>
    <vbox>
        <button id="uploadBtn" label="Upload"
            onUpload="processMedia(event.getMedias());"
            onClick="Fileupload.get(-1);" />
        <image id="image" />
    </vbox>
</zk>

Event Thread Enabled

If the event thread is enable, the uploaded file will be returned directly by Fileupload.get() and other static methods, such as:

<zk>
	<button label="Upload">
	<attribute name="onClick">{
		org.zkoss.util.media.Media[] media = Fileupload.get(-1);
		if (media != null) {
			for (int i = 0; i &lt; media.length; i++) {
				if (media[i] instanceof org.zkoss.image.Image) {
					org.zkoss.zul.Image image = new org.zkoss.zul.Image();
					image.setContent(media[i]);
					image.setParent(pics);
				} else {
					Messagebox.show("Not an image: "+media[i], "Error", Messagebox.OK, Messagebox.ERROR);
					break; //not to show too many errors
				}
			}
		}
	}</attribute>
	</button>
	<vbox id="pics" />
</zk>

As shown, Fileupload.get(int) won't return until the end user uploads the files (and/or closes the dialog).

Temporary File Created During Uploading

This component depends on Apache Commons Fileupload (DiskFileItemFactory), so org.apache.commons.io.FileCleanerTracker will delete those temporary files created during uploading. Please refer to Resource cleanup

You can verify this cleanup by enforcing garbage collecting with JVisualVM.

Example

Here is an example that uses Fileupload as a component:

<image id="img" />
Upload your hot shot:
<fileupload label="Upload" onUpload="img.setContent(event.media)" />

Supported Events

Name
Event Type
None None
  • Inherited Supported Events: Button

Supported Children

*NONE

Use Cases

Version Description Example Location
     

Version History

Last Update : 2017/11/20


Version Date Content
5.0.2 May 2010 Able to specify a target for the onUpload event sent by Fileupload.get(). Used if the event thread is disabled.




Copyright © Potix Corporation. This article is licensed under GNU Free Documentation License.