Block Request for Inaccessible Widgets

From Documentation

DocumentationZK Developer's ReferenceSecurity TipsBlock Request for Inaccessible Widgets
Block Request for Inaccessible Widgets

Non-existing Components are Safer than Invisible Ones

Users can easily access inaccessible elements (such as disabled or invisible ones) by a browser developer tool. For example, a hostile user can make an invisible button visible and then click it to trigger unexpected actions. Thus, it is recommended not to create an element if it is not supposed to be accessible. For example, the first statement is safer than the second one in the following example:

<button unless="${accessible}"/>
<button visible="${accessible}"/>

Block with InaccessibleWidgetBlockService

Since 5.0.0

  • Available for ZK:
  • ee.png

ZK provides the `InaccessibleWidgetBlockService` to block events sent from inaccessible widgets with a default set of rules. An inaccessible widget is defined as one that is either disabled, invisible, or read-only. It's important to note that these default rules may not apply to all use cases.

Before 10.0.0, the Inaccessible Widget Blocking Service is not enabled by default. Users need to enable it manually.

Since 10.0.0 In ZK 10.0.0 and later, this blocking service is enabled by default to enhance security.


This service is an additional filter to improve security but does not replace verifying roles and permissions in your business logic. Always verify access on the server side.

Apply the Default Blocking Service

To apply it to the whole application, just specify the following in zk.xml as follows:


Then, each time a desktop is created, an instance of InaccessibleWidgetBlockService is added to the desktop to block the requests from the inaccessible widgets.

Default Blocking Rules

  • Block all events from disabled and invisible components
  • Block onChange, onChanging, onSelect of a read-only component
  • Not block onOpen

Supported Components

All invisible components are blocked. Some components are blocked when they are disabled/read-only, as follows:


Specify Events to Block

If you just want to block particular events, not all events. Then, you can specify a list of events in zk.xml below to control the behavior of InaccessibleWidgetBlockService. For example,


Implement Your Own Blocking Rules

If you want to block a request for inaccessible widgets for the whole application or for a particular desktop, you can implement the AuService interface to filter out unwanted requests. The implementation of AuService is straightforward. For example, the following example blocks only button and onClick:

public class MyBlockService implements {
	public boolean service(AuRequest request, boolean everError) {
		final Component comp = request.getComponent();
		return (comp instanceof Button) && "onClick".equals(request.getCommand());
			//true means block

Version History

Version Date Content
8.0.3 2016/09/21 Add "supported components" table

Last Update : 2023/09/22

Copyright © Potix Corporation. This article is licensed under GNU Free Documentation License.