Content Security Policy

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Content Security Policy

What is Content security policy?

Content-security-policy (CSP) is a security standard introduced to prevent XSS attacks (cross-site scripting) and other content injection attacks.

To reduce those injection risks, CSP provides a way for web applications and website owners to declare permissions for loading scripts from only approved and trusted sources. To enable CSP, you can either configure your web server to return the CSP HTTP header, or use the <meta> element.

See more: Content Security Policy Level 2

How to use Content security policy?

To use CSP in your web application, the first thing you need to know is that not all the browsers support CSP.

(Support browsers: Content Security Policy 1.0, Content Security Policy Level 2)

To enable CSP, you can either configure your web server to return the CSP HTTP header, or use the <meta> element. The following "directives" are recommended to be defined, which is for protecting against XSS attacks. For complete information please reference CSP official documents.

1. default-src

The default-src is the default policy for loading content such as Javascript, CSS, fonts, etc. .

2. script-src / style-src / img-src / font-src

Defines valid sources of JavaScript/stylesheets/images/fonts.

3. connect-src

Applies to AJAX, WebSocket or EventSource.

4. child-src

Governs the creation of nested browsing contexts as well as Worker execution contexts.


1. Only allows loading resources from the same origin.

default-src 'self';

2. Allows loading scripts from the same origin and Google Analytics.

script-src 'self';

Using Content Security Policy in ZK

We don't suggest applying too strict CSP to ZK, because internally ZK still needs to use some 'unsafe-eval' and 'unsafe-inline' declaration when loading scripts and CSS files. However, you can still use CSP in ZK to enhance supported parts and make your application safer than before. Here's an example of a relaxed policy used in a ZK application:

<?header name="Content-Security-Policy-Report-Only"
		value="default-src 'none';
		script-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-eval';
		frame-src 'self';
		connect-src 'self' ws://;
		img-src 'self';
		style-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline';
		font-src 'self'" ?>

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Last Update : 2022/07/08

Copyright © Potix Corporation. This article is licensed under GNU Free Documentation License.